Cite this paper:
Sun Youxu, Ren Jingling, Liu Sumei, Liu Chenggang. The impact of spring bloom on the biogeochemical behavior of total dissolved inorganic arsenic in the South Yellow Sea[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(4): 16-27

The impact of spring bloom on the biogeochemical behavior of total dissolved inorganic arsenic in the South Yellow Sea

Sun Youxu1, Ren Jingling1, Liu Sumei1, Liu Chenggang2
1. Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China;
2. Second Institute of Oceanography, State Ocean Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China
In order to understand the impact of spring bloom on the biogeochemical behavior of arsenic (a toxic metalloid element) in the South Yellow Sea (SYS),the field investigation was carried out during March 30th to April 23rd 2007 to study the concentrations and distributions of total dissolved inorganic arsenic (TDIAs,[TDIAs]=[As5+]+[As3+]) in the SYS. In addition,a 25 h anchor station (BM1) was also carried out at the central of SYS,where Chl a concentrations were higher than 4 μg/L. The concentrations of TDIAs were measured by Hydride Generation-Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry (HG-AFS) and showed the range of 7.9-22.3 nmol/L,with the average of (17.8±1.9) nmol/L. The concentrations of TDIAs increased gradually from the coastal area to offshore,with the maximum values appearing at the near bottom layer of the southern region. The concentrations of TDIAs showed well mixed vertical profile in the coastal area,while was stratified in the middle and southern region. Due to the impact of strong dust storm and followed rainfall in the SYS during the investigation of March 31st to April 1st 2007,the concentrations of TDIAs in the surface waters were significant increased. A large-scale spring bloom occurred in the middle and southern region of study area for 4-5 days after the dust storm. Through the observations it can be found that the vertical profiles of TDIAs was similar to that of phosphate,and showed relatively negative relationships with chlorophyll a(r=0.51,p <0.05,n=39). After primary estimation,the scavenging of TDIAs by phytoplankton above 10 meters layer can reach up to 2.4 nmol/L,which account for 15% of that in the surface waters. The residence time of TDIAs in the YS was (15.6±7.3) a,which is much lower than the open oceans. The molar ratio of arsenic to phosphorus in the study area was about 20 times higher than the open ocean,which might lead to significant absorption and transformation of arsenate and cause the potential ecological crisis.
Key words:    total dissolved inorganic arsenic    distribution    spring bloom    the South Yellow Sea   
Received: 2014-07-15   Revised: 2014-12-10
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