Cite this paper:
Wang Hangjun, Yao Weimin, Lin Yi, Zou Qing, Liu Yalin. Macrobenthic community and its relationship with environmental factors in the Yueqing Bay, Zhejiang Province, China[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2020, 42(2): 75-86

Macrobenthic community and its relationship with environmental factors in the Yueqing Bay, Zhejiang Province, China

Wang Hangjun, Yao Weimin, Lin Yi, Zou Qing, Liu Yalin
Wenzhou Marine Environmental Monitoring Center Station, Wenzhou 325011, China
To evaluate the relationship between macrobenthic communities and environmental factors in the Yueqing Bay, five surveys were conducted in this study in January, March, May, August and October 2015. We found that both community structure and spatial distribution were similar in January, March and May, with Yoldia similis and Sternaspis sculata as the characteristic species. The dominant communities were not obvious in neither August nor October, the characteristic species of the main community were S. sculata, Nephtys oligobranchia, Capitella capitata, and Mediomastus sp. With the aid of abundance/biomass curve (ABC curve) analysis, we found that the communities were the most stable in May, and the most vulnerable in August. Results of BVSTEP analysis showed that nitrite was the dominant environmental factor for monthly difference of macrobenthic communities in the Yueqing Bay. In addition, salinity and ammonia nitrogen were the key environmental factors affecting the macrobenthic community structure in March and May, respectively. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) further showed that water temperature had the greatest influence on the spatial and temporal distribution of characteristic species of macrobenthic communities in the Yueqing Bay, followed by salinity, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen nutrients and pH, etc. The CCA biplot also showed that the majority of the community species were distributed in the waters with low nitrogen nutrients, indicating that high concentrations of nitrogen nutrients had a negative impact on the distribution of macrobenthos in the Yueqing Bay.
Key words:    Yueqing Bay    macrobenthic community    environmental factors    abundance/biomass curve    canonical correspondence analysis(CCA)   
Received: 2019-03-09   Revised: 2019-04-29
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